Old-School, MOOCs, Coding Bootcamps, and now MissionU
Depending on the age of your teens, your techno-savviness, and how closely you follow educational trends, some of this may already be old news…. but, hold onto your chalk, the landscape of higher education is changing, and it’s happening FAST!
Higher Education in the USA hadn’t changed much for centuries. That’s no exaggeration. First, we had Harvard (1636), and then about a hundred years later we had a few public universities, and then almost two hundred years later we got our first community college (Joliet Jr. College in Illinois was founded in 1901). If you were a young person growing up at that time, the line between a college educated man and one who wasn’t was clear and thick. If you were “smart enough” and “had means” you applied to college. Remember that during the early 1900’s it wasn’t even expected that you’d graduate high school, so college was an exceptionally high aspiration for that time in history; college was an enormous privilege.
In fact, it wasn’t until late 1960’s that we hit a national high school graduation rate of 50%!
Even at the turn of the new millennium, fewer than 25% of adults held a bachelor’s degree…. but, close to 80% held a high school diploma with some amount of college. Wow! What a huge spike! Since I’m not an academic researcher, I won’t pretend to know all of the influences that contributed to that spike, however, if you’re near my age, you were raised by baby boomers and undoubtedly heard the same message I did:
“Go to college so you’ll get a good job.”
The message was loud and clear, so much so, that people in my generation headed to college in very large numbers. If you’re in my generation and didn’t go to college (so you’ll get a good job) you’ve still probably told your own children zillion times that they must go to college (so they’ll get a good job) and it should be pursued at all costs. It’s deeply ingrained! But is it still the right advice?
The reason for the quick history lesson is to demonstrate the growth pace of higher education from 1600’s to 1700’s (like a turtle) and then to the 1800’s (same turtle) and then to the 1900’s (same old tired turtle). From 1900 to 2000 our turtle gets spunky, but from 2000 to 2017? He’s pretty much got a jet engine strapped to his back.
When old-fashioned correspondence courses were replaced by computer-based distance learning around 2000, everything changed. Within only 5 years- the industry managed to get a handle on delivering legitimate and accredited courses through roughly 98% of all public colleges and universities, and by the end of the first decade, you could even attend public K-12 online. For our children, the “go to college” message is very strong, but our children are more resourceful and capable of attaining an education than we could have ever imagined. With access to information only a click away, our teens expect education to be free, streaming, and shareable. They expect technologically capabilities that remove inefficiencies – and there are more than a few inefficiencies in the “traditional” college experience.
Some estimate that just under half of all college students will take at least one online course during the completion of their degree, but millions will take courses that are both free and do not offer college credit. MOOCs (Massive Open Online Courses) have tapped into the deep desire for education without the inefficiencies of going to a building somewhere to learn. Coursera, a large provider of MOOCs, had educated over 5 million students by 2013. Wrapped into the MOOCs providers are all of the “brand name” university partners you could ever dream of: Stanford, MIT, Harvard, etc. Students have access, the courses are free, the courses are streamable, and the courses are shareable. If the course is poor, the student simply drops and chooses something else. If the course fills a need for the student, they can dive in and “binge-watch” an entire semester in a weekend!
Students who’ve grown up in the world of non-traditional education (homeschool), with instant access to free content, and a solid awareness of how to access ANYTHING they want to learn, technology is part of their world in a way that hadn’t existed before this millennium. Is it so impossible to accept that this generation of teens has a different understanding of what education means? When my children & teens want to know something, they usually Google it. (YES! I still taught them how to use an encyclopedia.) When they’re stuck on an algebra problem, it’s Khan Academy that patiently explains and demonstrates with perfect clarity who to solve the equation. It’s Professor Martyn Poliakoff at The University of Nottingham who taught my teens about elements of the Periodic Table. Frankly, our students can access experts in every field through their computer, something unimaginable even 20 years ago.
It’s no surprise that non-college-based learning has developed at an astounding rate. It’s also no surprise, that there are wrinkles in the cloth. While a few bad apples spoil the bunch, a uniquely new trend is the “coding boot camp.” These programs are not affiliated with colleges, eliminate liberal arts and other “college” courses, and get right to the training. In short, it’s a fast program meant to train coders and get them working asap. Coding boot camps are almost never longer than 6 months, and graduates of good programs find (high paying) jobs quickly. It’s hard to argue “go to college, get a good job” when colleges graduates are leaving college after 4-6 years with $35,000-$200,000 in student loans and a staggering unemployment rate. Less than 20% will graduate in 4 years, and about 50% will leave with the debt but not a degree. The average cost of a coding boot camp lasts about 4 months, costs about $15,000 and graduates can expect to walk into jobs paying around $80,000. To recap, by the time my high school senior leaves for college in the fall, his classmate may have already finished boot camp and moved to Silicon Valley.
“Go to college so you’ll get a good job.”
Did I mention things are changing at lightning speed? In an article by CNN Money earlier this week, a new “university” that isn’t really a university at all, just entered the playing field and may be a game-changer. MissionU has merged the concept of coding boot camp (fast-relevant teaching) with significant industry input (Spotify, Uber, Caper, Lyft, Facebook, Chegg founders built the curriculum) and the debt-free mentality into a new program that launches later this year. MissionU is a “learn now, pay later” concept that takes a percentage of your salary once you graduate, but only if you earn more than $50,000 per year. Students who graduate but do not meet that threshold will never have to pay anything. The concept, in my humble opinion, is brilliant, because it forces educators to put their money where their mouth is. This is a significant shift towards a model of shared responsibility. The school is sharing the responsibility of the student, in essence, they promise to deliver a product “or your money back.”
The traditional college experience is filled with snake pits and makes little to no effort to help students and parents navigate the system. In fact, colleges offer dozens of majors that lead to high debt and unemployment- it’s on you not to choose one. I’ll stop short of speaking too harshly because students and parents should take more responsibility before dropping a quarter of a million dollars on their education, but I’ll just finish by saying that colleges are not financially motivated to help your student avoid those mistakes, and it is very hard to get good advice that holds your teen’s best interests at heart.
In closing, the purpose of today’s post is to warn parents in my generation, that what we “know” and “trust” to be true about the “best” and “most direct” path to a rewarding career looks different than when we were pondering our own path. Our trust and confidence are based on a foundation that is shaky and being redesigned before our eyes. To say that the education industry has been disrupted is an understatement- it’s completely being revolutionized. In fact, I can’t even begin to imagine where we’ll be in 6 years when my youngest sets out on this journey for himself. I’d like to leave you with 3 tips to help you navigate this process:
- Work backward. Start with a target career, and then build a plan to achieve the skills and credentials to practice that career. The most common mistake is choosing a college before a career plan is devised. Until you know the exact pathway required (including licenses, certifications, degrees, etc.) to practice the career, you may be wasting valuable time and money.
- Constant retraining is expected. Years ago, one trained for a career and their value as an employee came from their years of experience. In today’s market, constant retraining is expected. As such, it doesn’t make sense to invest “everything” in an undergraduate degree that serves to “check the box” while more education, certifications, and credentials will all be expected to remain current and competitive.
- Be open minded. As we’ve seen in the past 17 years, the educational landscape has changed significantly, and the only thing we can be sure of is that more change is coming!