Posted in AP Advanced Placement, CLEP, Credit by Exam, Resources, Tuition

Cost of Tuition in the United States

The current and historical cost of tuition in the United Sates is tracked and sorted for us to learn from.   The United States Department of Education’s National Center for Education Statistics keeps data on this kind of information, and much more!  (Psssttt, it’s one of my favorite sites to browse)

The costs below reflect averaged “rack rate” tuition for 1 year, which is to say the price stated by the college as their tuition rate.  Individual student’s scholarships or other grants are not reflected here, this is simply the price of tuition.   Note that public colleges generally have “in-state” and “out of state” tuition rates- this is because of the economics of a state-funded educational system, and out-of-state students will typically pay a significantly higher rate than in-state students.

Now, because this is the Homeschooling for College Credit page, of course, I’m also including the breakdown for several popular college credit exams that your teen can take – you’ll be able to see the TREMENDOUS cost savings as you get down to the bottom of the page.

“Cost of attendance”  is also collected, and includes OTHER expenses besides tuition.  Books, meals, dorms, etc. may all be estimated on your college’s website. As you dig deeper, you’ll want to sort out the costs that are variable and those that are fixed.  For instance, if a student lives at home, there aren’t many living expenses to add in, but a student living in a dorm will spend about $13,000 more per year. For the purposes of this post, we’re only talking about TUITION.  


Official Calculation as per-year

(Data Source:  National Center for Education Statistics: November 2016)

 

Less than 2-year (Diploma/Certificate)
Public Non-Profit 248 schools $6,505 in-state $7,288 out-state
Private Non-Profit 86 schools $13,433 N/A
Private For-Profit 1,616 schools $15,269 N/A
2-year (Associate Degree)
Public Non-Profit 1,016 schools $3,941 in-state $7,780 out-state
Private Non-Profit 178 schools $13,899 N/A
Private For-Profit 891 schools $14,864 N/A
4-year (Bachelor’s Degree)
Public Non-Profit 710 schools $8,141 in-state $18,341 out-sta.
Private Non-Profit 1,602 schools $26,355 N/A
Private For-Profit 700 schools $16,066 N/A

 


Unofficial* Calculation as per-credit

Less than 2-year (Diploma/Certificate)
Public Non-Profit   $217 in-state $243 out-state
Private Non-Profit   $448 N/A
Private For-Profit   $509 N/A
2-year (Associate Degree)
Public Non-Profit   $131 in-state $259 out-state
Private Non-Profit   $463 N/A
Private For-Profit   $495 N/A
4-year (Bachelor’s Degree)
Public Non-Profit   $271 $611 out-state
Private Non-Profit   $879 N/A
Private For-Profit   $536 N/A

Credit by Exam Calculation as per-credit

Credit By Exam
AP Exam $93  3 credit exam=

$31 per credit

6 credit exam=

$16 per credit

9 credit exam=

$10 per credit

CLEP Exam $80 3 credit exam=

$27 per credit

6 credit exam=

$13 per credit

9 credit exam=

$9 per credit

DSST Exam $80 3 credit exam=

$27 per credit

N/A N/A
ACTFL foreign language $70 (written) 12 cr. exam=

$7 per credit

 

 

 

 

Saylor Exam $25 3 credit exam=

$8 per credit

 

Unofficial* = calculated by dividing the yearly tuition by 30, the standard full-time load.

 

Posted in CLEP, Credit by Exam, Dual Enrollment

Exceptional Potential

If your teen graduates high school with even one college credit, he’s ahead!  

That’s the message I want our members to remember, but for a few of you, your teens will have exceptional motivation, and for those students, there are amazing possibilities ahead!!  Completing a degree while simultaneously completing high school is not to be underestimated.  It takes a strong and consistent adherence to academics, resourceful and creative planning by the parent, and a cooperative relationship between the teen and the parent.  In addition to all of that, you need to find a school that will allow such pursuit.

In today’s post, I want to highlight a young man in Louisiana who did it!  He earned his high school diploma and Associate’s Degree this month at the same time.  What makes his story extraordinary, is that he didn’t start earning college credit until 12th grade!

Original story:  McNeese Spring Graduate

Highlights:

“Joseph is the first ever early admission and dual enrollment student who will complete an associate degree from McNeese at the same time that he is graduating from high school,” says Betty Anderson, director of community services, outreach and the dual enrollment program coordinator at McNeese.”

“Joseph purchased the Western Civilization II textbook, read it in two days and passed the CLEP test,” says Anderson. “Anyone who can read and master a college textbook in two days has great potential.”

“Dual enrollment also helped him improve his scores on college entrance exams. After his science courses, McKinney reports that his ACT science score went up “six points.” This, plus the boost in his math scores from taking McNeese’s calculus course, helped him to qualify for a McNeese Presidential Scholarship.”


 

As you investigate CLEP exams, know that they are one brand of a category called “Credit by Exam.”  Sometimes called CBE, credit by exam allows your teen to take an exam, and in exchange, their passing score is recognized as equivalent to college credit at a college or university.  The exam replaces your teen’s need to take that course, saving time, money, books, and 16 weeks of homework!

Before I ever used a CLEP exam in my own home, I took more than 20 myself- I wanted to see how hard they were, and if they were “real” ways to earn college credit.  In 2008, I earned an Associate Degree in General Studies by testing out of that entire degree (just to see if it could be done) and it really changed my life in so many ways after that.

Testing out of a whole degree may not make sense for most of you reading this, but it doesn’t have to.  Most community colleges and a good portion of universities award credit for successful completion of a CLEP, AP, or DSST exam (and a few others).  Even passing 1 exam in high school can make a big difference!

Posted in CLEP, Credit by Exam, High School

3 CLEP Planning Strategies for High School

There are a few schools of thought when it comes to choosing subjects/exams for your student.  I’ve read articles full of “shoulds” but that’s short-sided advice.  The real “should” is based on your assessment of your overall high school program, your teen’s academic ability, your budget, their target school, and many other very individual factors.  Remember that if they earn even ONE college credit in high school, that they are ahead!

(1) Choose the course/exam based on what they are already working on in high school.  

This is a great, casual way to inject college credit naturally when your teen is younger (9th-10th grade), doesn’t have a target career or college in mind, or when planning feels overwhelming for the parent.  In most cases, this is an excellent strategy and the one I suggest as the “default” way to choose a CLEP exam or course.   For example, after studying high school Spanish for several years, it makes perfect sense to attempt the Spanish CLEP exam!

If you have a 4-year high school plan in mind, this will certainly be a logical approach for you.  You’ll simply choose AP, CLEP, or DSST exams that match your 4-year plan.  You’ll find exams for almost every slot, so this approach doesn’t require a lot of extra planning or stress.

(2) Choose the courses/exams based on a target college. 

This strategy sounds like good advice, and people who recommend it mean well, but I only like this strategy when your teen is in 12th grade or already graduated. Now, if your teen is already enrolled somewhere, it’s the ONLY strategy you should consider! But our homeschooling community consists of high school families, and that’s a different ballgame.  The reason this isn’t the best strategy is because you can’t predict the future!  Colleges

The reason this isn’t the best strategy is because you can’t predict the future!  Colleges can and do change their exam policy from year to year, and even CLEP/AP/DSST exams are constantly being revised and reevaluated.  When you’re planning 2-3-4+ years in the future, this strategy will leave you frustrated and overwhelmed, if (when) your teen changes their mind about their career, their target college, if the college changes their policy, or if College Board’s exam value changes.  As you can see, for future planning, this is the riskiest strategy.

An example of significant change came in October 2015 when The College Board’s literature exams were “devalued” by American Council on Education (they’re the ones who decide the number of credits any exam is worth.)  Previously, literature exams were worth 6 credits each, but after the ACE evaluation, they came out worth only 3.  For teens that completed the entire literature series, they went from 18 college credits down to 9! While this was upsetting for everyone, this can happen at any time.

(3) Choose the course/exams based on subject bundling.

This is a great strategy when your homeschool uses robust unit studies, follows a timeline curriculum, year-long immersions, or multi-disciplinary curriculum.  For instance, if you spend the entire school year studying all of the American subjects (American History, American Government, American Literature) then it makes sense for your teen to collect credit for all of the American exams, even if you don’t have a real target in mind.  People think of all kinds of creative ways to bundle exam subjects together to match 1 year of high school study.  Here are a couple ideas you can try:

American Bundle (yields 15 college credits)

  • US History I CLEP
  • Civil War and Reconstruction DSST
  • US History II CLEP
  • American Literature CLEP
  • American Government CLEP

Business Bundle (yields 15 college credits)

  • Personal Finance DSST
  • Introduction to Business DSST
  • Information Systems Computers CLEP
  • Principles of Management CLEP
  • Principles of Marketing CLEP

Psychology Bundle (yields 9 college credits)

  • Introduction to Psychology CLEP
  • Educational Psychology CLEP
  • Human Growth and Development CLEP or Lifespan Psychology DSST.  Choose one, not both. These are the same exam and your teen won’t receive credit for duplicate exams.

Links to Exams

List of DSST exams

List of CLEP exams

List of AP exams

Posted in ACE, AP Advanced Placement, CLEP, Credit by Exam, Curriculum, Distance Learning, Self-Paced Learning, Sophia, Straighterline

Fine Arts

Fine Arts for College Credit

Most general Associate of Arts and Associate of Science (2 year) degrees have at least 1 “Fine Arts” requirement (3 college credits), and you can usually fill that in high school.

Exception:  if your teen is headed into a fine arts college, a music conservatory, or other highly specialized area of fine arts education, you’ll want to check with target colleges before accumulating a lot of college credit in high school.  Specialized art/music colleges sometimes have a policy against accepting transfer credit of any kind, but may allow your teen use Advanced Placement exam scores to boost their admissions application. 

The list of acceptable “Fine Arts” courses will differ slightly by institution, but the following courses will do the trick most of the time.  colors3

  1. Literature
  2. Music Theory
  3. Music Performance
  4. Art History
  5. Studio Art
  6. Humanities

Ways to Fill a College Fine Arts Requirement in High School

Dual Enrollment (contact your local Community College for information)

  • Dual enrollment has the highest probability of transfer assuming the target college accepts transfer credit.  Dual enrollment credit earned in high school is not considered “transfer credit” by most schools, but does carry a grade as part of the student’s permanent record.

Credit by Exam (CLEP, AP, DSST, Saylor, ECE/Uexcel)

  • Credit by Exam (CBE) acceptance varies dramatically.  CBE credit earned in high school is not considered “transfer credit” and generally does not carry a grade (pass/fail only).

Non-College ACE Credit (Straighterline, Sophia, Shmoop, Study, ed4credit, Propero)

  • ACE Credit is generally not accepted except when a partnership exists.  Some companies, like Straighterline, have credit-transfer-guarantee partnerships with more than 100 colleges.  ACE credit earned in high school is not considered “transfer credit” and generally does not carry a grade (pass/fail only).

Credit by Exam

(last update:  04/07/2017)

EXAM NAME EXAMS OFFERED COST LINK
Advanced Placement (AP) Art History (6 cr.)

Studio Art (6 cr.)

$93 Official AP Page
DSST Art of the Western World (3 cr.) $80 + local proctor fee (~$20) Official DSST Page
CLEP American Literature (3 cr.)

English Literature (3 cr.)

Analyzing & Interpreting Literature (3 cr.)

Humanities (6 cr.)

$80 + local proctor fee (~$20) Official CLEP Page
Excelsior College Exam (ECE / Uexcel) Introduction to Music (3 cr.) $110 + $60 local proctor fee Official Uexcel Page
Saylor NONE $0 + $25 webcam proctor fee Official Saylor Page

music

Non-College ACE Credit Courses

(last update:  04/07/2017)

COMPANY NAME COURSES OFFERED COST LINK
Shmoop American Literature (3 cr.)

The Bible as Literature (3 cr.)

British Literature (3 cr.)

Contemporary Literature (3 cr.)

Drugs in Literature (3 cr.)

Holocaust Literature (3 cr.)

Introduction to Poetry (3 cr.)

Literature in the Media (3 cr.)

Modernist Literature (3 cr.)

Shakespeare’s Plays (3 cr.)

Western Literature (3 cr.)

Women’s Literature (3 cr.)

$87.68/mo. subscribe

Unlimited courses

Shmoop
Study.com Introduction to Humanities (3 cr.) $199/mo. subscribe. Limit 2 courses per month Study.com
Propero (Pearson) Literature (3 cr.) $330 per class Propero
Sophia Visual Communications (3 cr.)

Introduction to Art History (3 cr.)

$329 per class Sophia
Straighterline NONE $99/mo. subscribe + $59 per class Straighterline
Ed4Credit Literature (3 cr.)

Film Appreciation (3 cr.)

$195 per class Ed4Credit
Davar Academy (NCCRS approved, not ACE approved) NONE $70 per class + $25 web proctoring  Davar

relaxing2

Posted in CLEP, Credit by Exam, Transcripts

“B” and “C” Score Chart for CLEP

If you want to know what letter grade The College Board would assign based on your teen’s CLEP score, you can use the chart below.  These recommendations are NOT endorsed by ACE, and are considered unofficial.  

The American Council on Education (ACE) recommends a credit-granting score of 50 for each CLEP exam.


PARENTS:  a CLEP score should never represent your teen’s entire high school course grade/GPA on their high school transcript.  For starters, it is impossible for a student to earn an “A” using this chart.  The chart below doesn’t go higher than “B” grade, and the difference between a “B” grade and “A” grade can be as little as 1 point or as many as 10- you have no way of knowing since the scaling system is not released by CLEP.

Second, an entire semester or year of work is what constitutes high school credit, not one exam.  High schools award credit based on hours, not competency.  As such, estimate 60 hours = 1/2 high school credit, 120 hours = 1 high school credit.

Ultimately, it’s your decision how CLEP exam results are handled as part of their high school grade, but my suggestion is to mirror the common practices used by high schools and colleges.  As such, a CLEP score should represent 0% of the student’s high school grade.  There is solid precedent to support my suggestion:

  1. Advanced Placement (AP) courses do not use AP exams as part of the student’s course grade.
  2. International Baccalaureate (IB) courses do not use IB exams as part of the student’s course grade.
  3. Colleges do not award letter grades for CLEP exams.
  4. CLEP exams scores never count toward a college student’s GPA or course grade.
  5. Only colleges award credit for CLEP scores, not high schools.
  6. High schools are not authorized to award college credit, only high school credit.

Remember that when a student passes a CLEP exam, their scores will appear on their official CLEP transcript held by The College Board.


The American Council on Education (ACE) recommends a credit-granting score of 50 for each CLEP exam. This is a scaled score, equivalent to earning a C in the relevant course; the corresponding raw score is determined after the panel of college faculty who teach the equivalent course perform a detailed and rigorous review of exam content. The review needs to be approved by the test development committee that oversees each CLEP exam.

In addition to determining the recommended credit-granting score of 50, college faculty members also recommend a scaled score that is equivalent to a grade of B. While ACE has not endorsed this B score, it is useful to those schools that print grade equivalents for CLEP exams on student transcripts, or those specialized programs that require a minimum grade of B on all transferred credit.

Business ACE Recommendations
Exam Title Credit-Granting
Score (C-Level)
Semester
Hours
B-Level
Financial Accounting 50 3 65
Information Systems 50 3 66
Introductory Business Law 50 3 60
Principles of Management 50 3 63
Principles of Marketing 50 3 65
Composition & Literature ACE Recommendations
Exam Title Credit-Granting
Score (C-Level)
Semester
Hours
B-Level
American Literature 50 3 53
Analyzing and Interpreting Literature 50 3 59
College Composition 50 6 59
College Composition Modular 50 3 60
English Literature 50 3 62
Humanities 50 3 55
History & Social Sciences ACE Recommendations
Exam Title Credit-Granting
Score (C-Level)
Semester
Hours
B-Level
American Government 50 3 63
History of the United States I 50 3 56
History of the United States II 50 3 57
Human Growth and Development 50 3 58
Introduction to Educational Psychology 50 3 62
Introductory Psychology 50 3 59
Introductory Sociology 50 3 56
Principles of Macroeconomics 50 3 62
Principles of Microeconomics 50 3 64
Social Sciences and History 50 6 62
Western Civilization I 50 3 55
Western Civilization II 50 3 54
Science & Mathematics ACE Recommendations
Exam Title Credit-Granting
Score (C-Level)
Semester
Hours
B-Level
Biology 50 6 (non-lab) 56
Calculus 50 4 64
Chemistry 50 6 (non-lab) 65
College Algebra 50 3 63
College Mathematics 50 6 57
Natural Sciences 50 6 (non-lab) 62
Precalculus 50 3 61
World Languages*ACE Recommendations
Exam Title Credit-Granting
Score (C-Level)
Semester
Hours
B-Level
French Language
Level 1 Proficiency
50 6 64
French Language
Level 2 Proficiency
59 9 69
German Language
Level 1 Proficiency
50 6 59
German Language
Level 2 Proficiency
60 9 67
Spanish Language
Level 1 Proficiency
50 6 56
Spanish Language
Level 2 Proficiency
63 9 68

* For each of the world languages, there is only one exam covering both Level 1 and 2 content. ACE recommends 6 semester hours of credit for mastery of Level 1 content (a score of 50) and 9 semester hours of credit for mastery of both Levels 1 and 2 (a score of 59 on French Language, 60 on German Language, and 63 on Spanish Language).

 

Posted in CLEP, Credit by Exam, Curriculum

Used Book Buying Guide

Do you need to buy the current edition CLEP prep book?  Nope!  Why?  Read on…

All CLEP exams are worth college credit because they have undergone review by ACE.  ACE is the third-party review organization that colleges use to decide if a class or exam is “worth” college credit or not.  When ACE reviews an exam, they always assign a date range for that review.  In order for an exam to be refreshed, revised, or updated, it must undergo a new review.  When a new review happens, the ACE Database is updated!

So, the list below shows the current exam date ranges for each of the college-credit eligible exams.  Exam date changes are very important to test takers, so that’s one of the many things I track closely.

It is possible for CLEP to do a revision today, but while it undergoes review, they’ll have to continue to use the current exam.  Once the revised exam “passes” for credit, the database is updated, and the new exam goes into effect.  Therefore, we don’t usually know about an edition change until the database is updated or unless CLEP (College Board) puts out a press release.  So, be aware that this can happen anytime.

All date ranges and the history of date ranges are available by searching the ACE Database.

2 Parts of CLEP Prep

  1. The curriculum.  As a homeschool parent, you’ll likely want your teen to learn the material before taking a CLEP exam.  Let’s say your teen is learning American Government and American Literature this year, and you’d like her to try the CLEP tests.  The curriculum that you use for those subjects can be any brand, published any time, and new or used.  The curriculum is your choice.  You’ll want to visit the Official CLEP Website to be sure your curriculum covers similar content as they’ll be tested on, but in general, you can use anything you like.

  2. Test prep.  The test prep material dates are very important.  Test prep isn’t teaching new information, rather it is telling your teen what topics from their class will be on the test, and the distribution (percentages) they’ll need to know.   When exams are revised, not only can the topics tested change, but the distribution can change.  Knowing if a topic makes up 2% or 32% is a big deal.   In this case, you’ll always want to be sure the test prep books were published since the exam revision!


Based on the current exam edition of American Government, any test prep book written after 7/1/01 will be accurate.  For American Literature, however, the test prep book needs to have been written after 3/1/15 to be accurate.  Again, curriculum can be older, but test prep materials must match the current exam version.

American Government  7/1/01- 11/30/18

American Literature  3/1/15 – 11/30/18

Analyzing and Interpreting Literature  3/1/15-11/30/18

Biology  7/1/01- 11/30/18

Calculus 10/1/12 – 11/30/18

Chemistry 7/1/01- 11/30/18

College Algebra 1/1/07 – 11/30/18

College Composition (essay) 7/1/10 – 11/30/18

College Modular (no essay) 3/1/15 – 11/30/ 18

College Math 3/1/15 – 11/30/18

English Literature 3/1/15 – 11/30/18

Financial Accounting 1/1/07 – 11/30/18

French Language 3/1/15 – 11/30/18

German Language 3/1/15 – 11/30/18

History of the United States I 7/1/01- 11/30/18

History of the United States II 7/1/01- 11/30/18

Human Growth and Development 11/1/06 – 11/30/18

Humanities 3/1/15 – 11/30/18

Information Systems 10/1/12 – 11/30/18

Intro. Educational Psychology 10/1/12 – 11/30/18

Intro. Business Law 5/1/02 – 11/30/18

Intro. Psychology 10/1/12 – 11/30/18

Intro. Sociology 10/1/12 – 11/30/18

Natural Sciences 7/1/01- 11/30/18

Precalculus 10/1/12 – 11/30/18

Princ. of Macroeconomics 10/1/12 – 11/30/18

Princ. of Microeconomics 10/1/12 – 11/30/18

Princ. of Management 3/1/15 – 11/30/18

Princ. of Marketing 10/1/12 – 11/30/18

Social Science and History 3/1/16 – 2/28/19

Spanish Language 3/1/15 – 11/30/18

Western Civ.I 7/1/01- 11/30/18

Western Civ. II 7/1/01- 11/30/18

Posted in College Admission, Credit by Exam

2017 Survey of College Admin

Sometime I like to share articles that help you see inside the big picture of higher education – how it works and what they think. I just read the report from Insider Higher Education this morning (link follows)- they looked at the 2017 survey that asks college leaders (Chief Academic Officers/Provosts- the big bosses) about the state of higher education on their campus today.   I realize you may not be interested in reading the entire thing, but there are 4 quotes I wanted to pull from the summary. If you only have 2 minutes, skip straight to number 4.
1.  “Seventy-three percent also say that their institution relies ‘significantly’ on non-tenure-track professors…35% expect more reliance on adjunct faculty.”
WOW! Ok folks, this is huge. Let me break this down for you.  Tenure (not without problems) really means having a teaching position for life.  Coming from a community college where there are almost zero tenure faculty, even I was shocked by this number. Colleges and universities that have tenure faculty have typically stood out as being the creme de la creme.  Thnk: flagship universities and Ivy League.  These professors are integral to the college’s “brand” and for some fields, it’s the reason students choose a specific university.    But wait, there’s more….
There are other categories besides tenure and non, so if they rely less on tenure, who is doing the teaching?  Certainly they mean just regular -full time faculty?  Uh, nope.  Over 1/3 of them are going to use more adjunct faculty.
What is adjunct?  That’s the academic term that means “temp hire.”  Adjunct work 1 semester at a time, teaching classes the full timers can’t or don’t want to teach.  As it stands, community colleges already have the highest number of adjunct faculty.  I’m not going to slam adjunct work – I did it for 14 years in the community college system, but if you’re paying a premium dollar for tuition, you may be getting the same teacher who is also teaching 6 other sections at 3 other colleges in your town.  (Adjunct earn on average only $1500 per semester per course taught).   As a temp, there are extreme limitations to that teacher’s commitment to the student (that they will never see again) their ability to interject quality into the curriculum (they have no power) and their desperation to be hired back next term (be extra nice to the students – students like A’s).
2.  “45 percent of provosts believe that liberal arts education (across institutional types) is in decline.”
I suspect that’s because students with a strictly liberal arts preparation are having a hard time repaying their enormous student loans while earning low paying jobs. There is a push (rightfully) that college graduates should be employable upon graduation.
My first degree (Associate of Occupational Studies) was to get a job – plain and simple.  I went to culinary school to learn culinary arts so I could become a chef.  Simple.  Everything else is not so simple.  Later, when I earned an AA in general studies and a BA in Social Science (liberal arts), I realized how starkly different a liberal arts education and vocational education were.  My BA didn’t give me “work place skills” I studied social psychology, anthropology, history, and other social sciences.  Interesting, but not job skills.  If I wanted a job in social science, I’d have to earn a PhD so I be hired by a university that would then pay me to teach students studying social science who would then have the option of earning a PhD so they could teach social science to students….  [I’ll give you a minute to let that soak in….]
So, if a vocational education is job training, why do people earn BA degrees in liberal arts? Well to be “educated” of course.  Everyone knows vocational education isn’t real college (heavy sarcasm).  BUT, here’s the rub.  The highly educated but underemployed segment is growing at a HUGE rate.  This is the group that can’t repay their student loans, and the group that is getting expensive colleges in major hot water.  (To be fair, vocational colleges whose students can’t get jobs are also in hot water).
3.  “Eighty-five percent of provosts report that their institutions use student evaluations when judging faculty members for tenure, promotion or raises.”
Do students know that they hold this kind of power?  Bad reviews on Rate My Professor can make or break a career.  I remember in 1997, our college adopted a new philosophy called “Continued Quality Improvement” or CQI.  In short, we could no longer call students students, we were now to think of them as a “customer” and our focus was to shift toward customer service.  Having been a college student as a teen and as an adult, I can tell you there is a stark contrast between my experience as a youth and that of an adult.  While I liked having more power (don’t laugh), we also know what student-driven success looks like.  It looks like an “A” or else.
4.  “This year, 91 percent of provosts at public colleges and universities said they favored awarded credit through CBE”
THIS!  CBE is “competency based education” which is to say a college awards credit for competency rather than time spent in a classroom.  This looks like CLEP, AP, DSST, prior learning assessments, and others.  If you read nothing else in the article, pan down and read the section titled Competency Based Education.  Frequently, at least a few times per month, someone asks me what I think of fewer colleges accepting CLEP or awarding credit for AP.  Huh?  Those number have soared over the past decade (I keep records of such things).    As you read the article, you’ll see 2/3 of all public colleges report awarding credit for some type of CBE, while only around 1/3 for private.  I think that’s reasonable.   Private colleges have a brand development dilemma that gets in the way – but that’s not because of CLEP, those same private colleges also don’t accept much transfer credit either.  It’s just the nature of their business model.
So, one more bit of good news, even with 2/3 currently participating in CBE, those that don’t were asked if they were exploring the idea.  49% said yes.